WOODFIN, Nicholas Washington [29 Jan 1810 – 23 May 1876] – BUNCOMBE COUNTY – DECISION MAKER at the Seven Hour Session on 20 May 1861 SECESSION CONVENTION. Did not fight. Survived the War; in 1860, his Real Estate was valued at $65,000 and his Personal Estate was valued at $100,000; Occupation – in 1860, he is listed as a 50 year old lawyer living in Asheville, Buncombe County, NC; Religion – Vestryman of the Episcopal Church.
VOTES [20 May 1861]: SECESSION: Yes; CONV. PRESIDENT: Graham; JOIN CONFEDERACY: Yes; CONVENTION ORDINANCE JOINING THE CONFEDERACY BE SUBMITTED TO ALL NORTH CAROLINA VOTERS : Yes
Impact of the Civil War on Other Family Members:
His brother John W. Woodfin, age 44, was killed near Warm Springs, Madison County, NC in October 1863 fighting against other North Carolina men who were Unionist; he had formed the Woodfin Battalion [69th North Carolina State Troops, 7th Regiment North Carolina Cavalry, 29th Battalion, Company B] that fought against Union regiments in the NC mountains; hunted deserters; tracked bushwackers and made occasional raids into East Tennessee, a strong hold of Tennessee Unionist.
Other Political Experience During and After the War:
not specified if he held other political office after 1865.
Nicholas Washington Woodfin was born in Buncombe County, N.C., in 1810. In February 1831, he was admitted to practice law in the county courts, and soon after settled in Asheville, N.C. In 1840, Woodfin married Eliza Grace McDowell; the couple had three daughters. For ten years starting in 1844, Woodfin represented Buncombe and Henderson counties in the state senate. He was active on the Asheville school board and in the Episcopal church, and acted as the Buncombe County delegate to the North Carolina Secession Convention. During the Civil War, he was superintendent of the North Carolina Salt Works. Afterwards, he returned to the practice of law and died on 23 May 1876. The town of Woodfin, N.C., in Bumcombe County, is named for him. The papers include photocopies of deeds, legal papers, very scattered family and political correspondence, clippings, and speeches on agriculture, and other items of Buncombe County, N.C., lawyer and legislator Nicholas Washington Woodfin, his wife Eliza G. McDowell Woodfin, and other family members, chiefly 1840s-1870s. Included are a photocopy of the bill of auction for the Woodfin Mansion House and Grounds in Asheville, N.C., to be sold 13 August 1879, and a biographical sketch of Woodfin written by J. G. de Roulhac Hamilton in February 1950. There are also photocopies of county deeds; family and business letters; Civil War letters; obituaries; clippings; indenturies; estate papers; family history materials; remarks made at a presentation of Woodfin’s portrait in Asheville in 1950; land warrant from Governor Patrick Henry to William Gibbs (apparently unrelated to the rest of the collection); three letters, 1853-1855, from slaves or ex-slaves who had gone to California with members of the family to work in the gold fields; letters of John W. Holland, including a few dated 1898-1901 when he was serving in the United States Army in the Philippines; and an original 1862 letter from Woodfin to Governor Clarke about the defense of eastern Tennessee.
Men from Nash and Wilson Counties who were sent off to war by Nicholas WOODFIN of Buncombe County and his fellow Affluent, Politically Connected, Secessionist Delegates from the North Carolina counties on 20 May 1861:
BEING KILLED AND MAIMED OR DYING: COMMON, SHARED EXPERIENCES FOR MEN FROM NASH AND WILSON COUNTIES, NC
55th North Carolina Infantry, Company A: WILSON COUNTY
[men listed for this company are from Wilson County, NC, unless otherwise indicated]
55th Infantry Regiment was organized at Camp Mangum, near Raleigh, North Carolina, in May, 1862. Its companies were recruited in the counties of Pitt, Wilson, Wilkes, Cleveland, Burke, Catawba, Johnston, Alexander, Onslow, Franklin, and Granville. The unit served in the Department of North Carolina, then moved to Virginia where it was assigned to General J.R. Davis’ and Cooke’s Brigade. It fought with the Army of Northern Virginia from Gettysburg to Cold Harbor, served in the Petersburg trenches south of the James River, and took part in the Appomattox operations. The regiment lost thirty-one percent of the 640 engaged at Gettysburg and fifty-nine percent of the 340 at The Wilderness It surrendered [at Appomottox Court House, with 4 officers and 77 men alive on April 9, 1865. The field officers were Colonel John K. Connally; Lieutenant Colonels Alfred H. Belo, Abner S. Calloway, and Maurice T. Smith, and Major James S. Whitehead.
Researched and Formatted by: Jeremiah L. Jones
SMITH, M. Thomas; Lt.-Col.; cm. 10 March 1863; Granville County; p. from Captain to Com. K; killed: 3 July 1863 at Gettysburg
CALLOWAY, Martin B., Serg. 55th North Carolina Infantry, Company E until transferred to Company and promoted to 1st Lt. on 17 Apr 1864. KILLED: in The Wilderness on 5 May 1864.
BELO, Alfred H.; Lt. Col; cm. 3 July 1863; Forsyth County; p. from Major; wounded: 7 June 1864
BLOUNT, George Washington, 1st Lt., DISMISSED: 1 Nov 1862. REASSIGNED: MAYOR (Provost Marshall) for the Town of Wilson, Wilson County, NC.
WHITEHEAD, James S.; Major; cm. 19 May 1862; Pitt County, NC; p. from Captain to Com. E; died: at Wilson on 7 Aug 1862. CAUSE OF DEATH NOT REPORTED.
BELO, Alfred H.; cm. 10 March 1863; Forsyth County; prisoner and wounded
JORDAN, Henry T.; Adjutant; cm. 1 Nov 1862; Person County; RESIGNED: in 1864
[all the men in this company injured in The Battle of the Wilderness (3- 5 May 1864) were transported to the Confederate hospitals in Lynchburg, VA; of course, Richmond, the largest concentration of Confederate hospitals was closer to the battlefield, however, it was way over capacity due to the unrelenting fighting and marching triggered by Grant’s continuous war strategy.]
BULLOCK, William J., Captain & a Physician in Wilson, cm. in March 1862. ENLISTED: Wake. RESIGNED: 24 Feb 1863 at age 29. RESIGNATION ACCEPTED: 28 Mar 1863. Colonel Connally states that he was incompetent and a malcontent.
BRIGGS, Benjamin F.; Captain, cm. 20 Nov 1863. BEFORE THE WAR: was a clerk, Wilson County Superior Court. MUSTERED: 1st Serg. WOUNDED: at Gettysburg, PA on 1 July 1863 and again in the Wilderness 4 -5 May 1864. RESIGNED: 24 Mar 1865. REASON FOR APPROVAL OF RESIGNATION NOT REPORTED.
BLOUNT, George W.; 1st Lt.; cm. March 1862; RESIGNED: on 13 Mar 1865 [SEE ABOVE]
HADLEY, Thomas Jefferson; 1st Lt.; cm. 20 November 1863. WOUNDED: Falling Waters, MD on 14 Jun 1863. WOUNDED: lift shoulder at The Wilderness, 5 May 1864. CAPTURED: at Globe Tavern, VA on 20 Aug 1863. IMPRISONED: Ft. Delaware, DE on 19 Aug 1864. RELEASED: at Ft. Delaware on 17 June 1865 after taking the Oath of Allegiance to the United States of America.
BARNES, James H.; 2d Lt.; cm. March 1862. PROMOTED: 1st Lt. on 1 Apr 1862. RESIGNED: on 7 June 1862. NO REASON PROVIDED FOR WHY THE RESIGNATION WAS APPROVED.
UPCHURCH, Albert E.; 2d Lt.; cm. in March 1862. BORN: Nash. ENLISTED: Wilson. CAPTURED: at Gettysburg, PA on 3 July 1863. IMPRISONED: Ft. Delaware, DE on 7 July 1863. TRANSFERRED: to prison for Confederate Officers on Johnson’s Island, OH on 20 July 1863. DIED: at Johnson’s Island at “11 P.M. on 9 Nov 1863 of “dysentery.”
BRIGGS, Benjamin F.; 2d Lt.; cm. in March 1863; p. Captain [See Above]
BASS, Thomas R.; 2d Lt.; cm. 7 April 1863 [SEE ABOVE]
NON COMMISSIONED OFFICERS:
BRIGGS, Benjamin F.; 1st Serg’t.; e. 19 April 1862; p. 2d Lt. [See above]
HAYLES, John; 2d Serg’t.; DISCHARGED: May 1862
BASS, Thomas R.,; 3d Serg’t.; e. 19 Apr 1862; p. 2d Lt. [SEE ABOVE]
HUNT, John W.; 4th Serg’t.; e. 29 April 1862; wounded & prisoner at Gettysburg
MAY, Francis M.; 5th Serg’t.; e. 3 May 1862; DISCHARGED: January 1863
BARNES, John T.; 1st Corporal; e. 29 Apr 1862; wounded: at Washington, NC; prisoner: 3 July 1863 (Gettysburg); DISCHARGED: September 1863.
BARNES, Augustus; 2d Corporal; e. 29 Apr 1862; p. Serg’t.; DISCHARGED: disability in 1864.
PATERSON, Robert M.; 3d Corporal; e. 29 April 1862
MARSHBURN, Joseph J.; 4th Corporal; e. 12 May 1862; Nash County; wounded: at Gettysburg.
ARQUER, George W., Private.; DIED: at Chester, PA on 23 Aug 1863 of “general debility, the results of Chronic Diarrhoea ” at age 20.
AYCOCK, Isaac, Private, WOUNDED: in the head at Gettysburg, PA on 1 July 1863.. DIED: at Orange Court House, VA prior to 3 Nov 1864. CAUSE OF DEATH NOT REPORTED.
BARNES, Caswell Hines, Private. RETIRED: because of wounds and assigned to the Invalid Corps on 15 Dec 1864.
BARNES, JOHN T., Corporal. WOUNDED: in right arm at Washington, NC on 6 Sept 1862. DISCHARGED: because of wounds on 13 Sept 1863.
BARNES, Larry, Private. KILLED: at Gettysburg, PA on 1 July 1863.
BARDEN, John T., Private. DIED: in Raleigh Hospital on 20 June 1862 of “measles & typhoid fever” at age 21.
BARDEN, Simon B., Private. DIED: 15 June 1862 at home in Wilson County of disease at age 18. SPECIFIC DISEASE CAUSING HIS DEATH IS NOT REPORTED.
BOYETT, Amos; 28 Feb 1862. KILLED: in Wilderness on 5 May 1864 at age 35.
BOYETT, Stephen, Private: DIED: at Hart’s Island Prison, New York Harbor on 23 June 1865 of “typhoid pneumonia.”
BOSWELL, Jethro, Private. DIED: at Ft. Delaware Prison, Delaware on 22 Nov 1863 of “Chronic Diarrhoea at age 24.
BELL, James H. [Henry], Private. DIED: 24 May 1864 in Lynchburg, from wounds received in the Wilderness, 3 May 1864; buried near a mass grave because men were dying so fast.
BEST, William C., DIED: at Point Lookout Prison, Maryland on 29 April 1865 of “acute dysentery.”
CAMPBELL, Daniel, Private. DIED: in hospital on 21 July 1864 from Wilderness wounds (probably at Lynchburg, VA). PLACE AND CAUSE OF DEATH NOT REPORTED.
DEW, David, Serg’t. DIED: at home Oct 1864. CAUSE OF DEATH NOT REPORTED.
ETHERIDGE, Justice, Private. DIED: at Staunton, VA on 14 Jun 1864, of his wounds in The Battle of the Wilderness.
EDMONDSON, Edwin G., Private & Regimental Drummer. DIED: at Camp Campbell, near Kinston, NC on 15 July 1862. CAUSE OF DEATH NOT REPORTED.
FERRELL, Granbury, Private. DIED: in a hospital in Gordonsville, VA on 9 Nov 1863 of chronic dysentery.
FERRELL, Gabriel, Private. DIED: in a hospital in Richmond, VA on 12 June 1864 of “pneumonia.”
FERRELL, James W., Private. DIED: at Ft. Delaware on 6 Oct 1863. NO CAUSE OF DEATH REPORTED.
GRANT, James J., Private. DESERTED: on 1 July 1862. NO FURTHER RECORD.
HALES, Thomas, Private. ENLISTED: in May 1862. DISCHARGED: in May 1862. NO REASON FOR THE DISCHARGE REPORTED.
JONES, Reddick J., Private. CAPTURED: in a Richmond, VA hospital on 3 Apr 1865. DIED: in Richmond, VA from a gunshot wound to his right lung. DATE OF DEATH: no reported.
LAMB, Tobias, Private. KILLED: at The Wilderness on 5 May 1865 at age 43.
LUCAS, David, Private, DIED: at Petersburg, VA on 10 Jan 1863 with pneumonia at age 24.
LUCAS, Henry, Private. DIED: “dropped dead” at Ft. Delaware, DE on 2 Oct 1863 at age 28. NO CAUSE OF DEATH REPORTED
LODGE, Redman or Reddin, Private. DIED: at a hospital in Raleigh on 22 June 1862 of pneumonia at age 19.
MARSHBOURN, Joseph J., Corporal. DIED: at Gettysburg, PA on 14 July 1863 of his wounds at age 23.
MERCER, John J., Private. DIED: at Pt. Lookout on 24 Nov 1863 of smallpox.
NARRON, James H., Private. DIED: at Pt. Lookout Prison, MD in February 1865. NO CAUSE OF DEATH OR HIS AGE REPORTED.
NEWSOM, James M., Private. ENLISTED: on 12 May 1862. DISCHARGED: on 25 June 1862 by providing JAMES J. GRANT as a substitute for him in the military service.
PATE, James J., Private. Died: in a Raleigh hospital on 23 June 1862 “rubeola & pneumonia.”
PEEL, Nathan, Private. DISCHARGED: in May 1862. NO REASON FOR THE DISCHARGE REPORTED.
PEEL, Matthew, Private. DISCHARGED: in May 1862. NO REASON FOR THE DISCHARGE REPORTED.
PEEL, Jesse H., Private. DISCHARGED: 1 Aug 1862. NO REASON FOR DISCHARGE REPORTED.
PROCTOR, James G.; RETIRED: to Invalid Corps.
PEARSON, William H., Sergeant, DIED: at Pt. Lookout Prison on30 Mar 1865 of “chronic dystery.”
PENDER, Wright Edwin, Private. ERETIRED FROM SERVICE: on 19 Dec 1864 from fractured bones.
PITTMAN, Robert M., Corporal. DIED: at Pt. Lookout Prison on 23 Nov 1863 at age 23. NO CAUSE OF DEATH REPORTED.
PRICE, Jackson; RETIRED: on 19 Dec 1864 due to “fractured bones.”
RENFROW, Burkett, Private. DIED: at Danville, VA on 25 Nov 1864 at age 23. NO CAUSE OF DEATH REPORTED.
RENFROW, Braswell, Private. ENLISHED: on 9 May 1862 as a substitute for WILLIAM HINNANT of Wilson, Wilson County, NC at age 52. BORN: Johnston County. ENLISTED: Wilson. DESERTED: ON 1 July 1862. ARRESTED; before May – June 1864. SURRENDERED: at Appomottox Court House on 9 Apr 1865. NO FURTHER RECORD.
ROUNTREE, Gordon. Private. KILLED: at Gettysburg, PA on 1 July 1863 at age 36.
RAPER, Calvin, Private. DIED: at Point Lookout Prison, MD on 4 Feb 1864. NO CAUSE OF DEATH REPORTED.
RUFFIN, John, no rank assigned. ENLISTED: on 3 July 1862. DISCHARGED:at Camp Campbell on 15 July 1862 because he was not physically fit for duty.
SCOTT, Blaney, Private. LEFT ARM AMPUTATED. DISCHARGED: on 11 Sept 1863 for disability. NO FURTHER RECORD.
SCOTT, Haywood, Corporal. KILLED: in the Wilderness on 5 May 1864 at age 26.
SCOTT, Henry, Private. DIED: at David’s Island Prison ON 31 July 1863 of his wounds.
SULLIVAN, Jesse P., Private. DIED: at Ft. Delaware Prison on 3 Sept 1863 of “typhoid fever.”
SIMPSON, William, Private. DIED: prior to 29 Dec 1863 at age 32. NO PLACE, TIME OR CAUSE OF DEATH REPORTED.
SIMPSON, John T., Private. DIED: at camp on the Blackwater River on 27 May 1863 at age 32. NO CAUSE OF DEATH REPORTED.
STANCIL, Jacob, Private. BORN: Wilson. RESIDED: Johnston County. WOUNDED: at Gettysburg on 1 July 1863. DESERTED: 1 May 1864. NO FURTHER RECORD.
THOMAS, Joseph, Private. WOUNDED AND CAPTURED: at Gettysburg, PA. NO FURTHER RECORD.
THOMAS, Woodard, Private. HOSPITALIZED: Petersburg, VA on 9 Feb 1863 after falling off railroad water tower. DISCHARGED: Lynchburg, VA on 31 Oct 1863. UNFIT FOR DUTY.
TILLY, John M., PrivateBORN: Wake. RESIDED: Wilson. DISCHARGED: on August 1862 NO REASON FOR DISCHARGE REPORTED.
TINDALL, William, Private. BORN: Wayne County. DISCHARGED: on 13 August 1862. REASON: disability. NO FURTHER RECORD.
THORN, Josiah, Private. DISCHARGED: on 17 Feb 1865 by reason of “gunshot wound of the right leg carried away a considerable portion of the tibia & certain muscle permanently contracting use of the leg.”
TOMLINSON, L. D., Private. DIED: of typhoid pneumonia. NO DATE OR PLACE REPORTED.
THOMAS, Joseph: e. 4 Aug 62; wounded and prisioner: at Gettysburg
TOMLINSON, Barnes, Private. HOSPITALIZED: at Richmond, VA on 6 July 1863 with acute diarrhoea. KILLED: at the Wilderness on 5 May 1864 at age 26.
TOMLINSON, Nathan, Private. TRANSFERRED: to 55th NC infantry, Co. A on 6 Nov 1863. WOUNDED: hand & shoulder at The Wilderness on 5 May 1864. NO FURTHER RECORD.
TOMLINSON, Willie W., Private. ENLISTED: on 5 May 1862 at age 22. DIED: at Richmond hospital on 7 Dec 1863 on “Febris typhoides” at age 23.
TREVATHAN, Sanders M., Private. WOUNDED: in groin at Gettysburg,PA on 1 July 1863. HOSPITALIZED: at Richmond, VA. on 10 Aug 1863. NO FURTHER RECORD.
WEBSTER, Berry, Private. DIED: at Petersburg, VA on 5 Dec 1862 of “pleutitis” at age 18.
WATSON, Noah, Private. BORN: Johnston. RESIDED: Wilson. DISCHARGED with “atrophy of muscles of the legs” in March 1863. NO FURTHER RECORD.
WATSON, Joseph, Private. DIED: at Ft. Delaware, DE ON 3 Nov 1863 of “smallpox” at age 35.
WOODARD, George Washington, Private. DIED: hospital in Gordonsville, VA on 23 Mar 64 of “chronic diarrhoea” at age 27.
WOODARD, Gray, Private. KILLED: in the opening minutes of battle on 1 July 1863 at Gettysburg, PA.
SOLDIERS FROM OTHER COUNTIES WHO ENLISTED AND SERVED IN THE 55th NORTH CAROLINA INFANTRY, COMPANY A.:
ADAMS, Duncan F., Private. RESIDED: Wilkes County. WOUNDED: 1 July 1863 at Gettysburg, PA. LEG AMPUTATED. DIED: at Chester, PA on 30 Sept 1863 of “pyemia.”
ADAMS, Amos, Private. RESIDED: Wilkes County. KILLED: at Washington, NC on 6 Sept 1862.